Administration and Planning
Public welfare agencies
Federal, state, and local government
Private social service agencies
Religiously affiliated organizations
Drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers
Social services are designed to provide support for poor, disabled, ill, elderly, or juvenile clients.
Volunteer at homeless shelters, soup kitchens, battered women homes, literacy programs, or other social service agencies to gain relevant experience and demonstrate interest.
Prisons and correctional facilities
Probation and parole offices
Victim services organizations
Human services workers in corrections focus on rehabilitating clients and assisting victims.
Obtain experience by volunteering at a corrections facility or a victim services organization such as a rape crisis center.
Nursing and retirement homes
Gerontology involves working with older adults, healthy or ill, and their families.
Become involved with programs or organizations designed for senior citizens.
Public or private child welfare agencies
Foster care organizations
Day care centers and nursery schools
Recreational facilities (i.e., YMCA or YWCA)
Head Start programs
Child welfare workers strive to ensure the safety and well-being of children through interventions and programming.
Volunteer at day care centers, children's shelters, camps, YMCA/YWCA, Scouts, or other agencies that aid youth and children. Take additional courses in child development or early childhood education.
Program Planning and Evaluation
Community residential homes
State and local agencies
Mental health organizations
Human services workers specializing in this area help people with disabilities to adjust to and lead productive lives.
Volunteer at special needs camps, child care centers, schools, or hospitals to gain experience. Gain experience with and knowledge of a variety of disabilities.
Obtain specialized training in areas such as sign language or assistive technology for additional opportunities. Earn a master's degree in rehabilitation counseling for opportunities in Vocational Rehabilitation.
Community health centers
Public health programs
Health maintenance organizations (HMOs)
Human services workers in health care facilitate the medical and emotional treatment of patients.
Volunteer in health related settings such as hospitals or the American Red Cross to gain experience. Supplement curriculum with course work in nursing or health.
Complete appropriate prerequisites for entrance into professional programs such as occupational therapy, physician's assistant, or physical therapy.
Family service agencies
Child welfare departments
Social service agencies
State mental health departments
Employee assistance programs
Public interest groups
Local, state, and federal government
Administrators are involved with planning, budgeting, public relations, management, fund raising, and other crucial operating responsibilities that keep an organization functioning. Obtain a master's degree in social work or related field for additional opportunities. Gain management experience through internships, part-time employment, or leadership in relevant student organizations. Supplement curriculum with course work in areas such as public relations, advertising, accounting, or management.
Universities and colleges
Public (K-12) school systems
Private (K-12) school systems
Human service agencies
Private learning centers
Free-lance tutors or consultants
Human services graduates working in education focus on providing instruction for a wide range of students including children with disabilities as well as adult community members. Learn American Sign Language and manually coded forms of English for specialized opportunities. Volunteer in schools or programs that serve disabled children. Obtain appropriate teacher licensure for public school teaching opportunities. Earn a master's degree in rehabilitation counseling, mental health counseling, school counseling, social work, or college student personnel. Seek campus leadership positions such as peer mentor or resident assistant. Obtain a doctorate degree for teaching and research opportunities in colleges and universities.
BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY
Employee Assistance Programs
Business firms in various industries
Developers of educational products
National foundations and associations
Graduates of human services programs may apply their skills and knowledge in the private sector of business and industry.
Earn a minor in business or related field. Develop computer skills particularly with spreadsheets, databases, word processing, and desk top publishing.
Gain experience through part-time jobs, summer jobs, and internships in business environments.
A bachelor's degree in human services prepares individuals for entry-level positions in the helping professions.
A master's degree in counseling, social work, occupational therapy, or related field, in addition to appropriate professional licensure, is usually necessary to provide therapy and for advancement to supervisory or administrative positions.
Complete practicum experiences and internships to determine suitability for the helping professions and to gain exposure to various practice settings and clients.
Candidates should possess empathy for others, an appreciation for diversity, and an interest in social change.
Gain experience with a diverse range of clients and client systems including individuals, families, groups, communities, and minorities.
Prepared by the Career Planning staff of Career Services at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (2005) UTK is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section 504/ADA/ADEA Employer